The Issyk-Kul Lake is a pearl of Central Asia as many of its features make it truly unique. By size, the Issyk-Kul takes the 23rd place among the lakes of the world and is the second largest high-altitude lake of the world after Lake Titikaka in Peru, with an altitude of 1 608 meters. Located at the North-East of Kirghizia, at the bottom of the Issyk-Kul depression, the Lake is of the tectonic originand fifty five rivers flow into the lake. The Issyk-Kul is located between two ranges of the Northern Tien Shan; its northern shore is at the foothill of Kungei-Alatau Range and its southern shore is at the foothill of Terskei-Alatau Range, the highest point of which reaches 5 200 m. The northern slopes of the mountains are covered with spruce forests, whereas the southern ones are covered with steppe vegetation.